General Information.

Arusha is the capital of Arusha Region, located in the northern Tanzania. It is a cosmopolitan city of about 300,000 residents. This beautiful city is located in the foothills of Mount Meru with an altitude ranging between 1500 to 2500 meters. The city sits on a plateau of the Great Rift Valley which offers unique geographical characteristics. Arusha enjoys a favorable weather almost throughout the year, with temperature ranges of 13˚C/55.4˚F to 30˚C/86˚F, and seasons almost equally divided between wet and dry seasons.

Arusha host the headquarters of East Africa Cooperation, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, ESAMI, and Pan African Postal Union.

Arusha is also home of the Arusha International Conference Center (AICC); this place has become hub for global diplomacy and international agreements such as Arusha Accords. Arusha Accords were agreed and signed on August 1993, by representatives of different factions involved in Rwandan bloodily civil war.

Economic Activities:

Economic activities in Arusha are well diversified, from tourism, mining, food processing to manufacturing of goods.


Arusha has numerous factories that produce tires, electronic equipments, steel, furniture, clothing, shoes, and agriculture equipments and so on. Among the major factories located in Arusha are as follows: Tanzania Breweries-brewery, ABB-electronic, Steel Centre-steel, AtoZ, Sunflag-clothing, TPRI- pharmaceuticals and Continental General Tyre- tyres

Agriculture and Mining


Agriculture remains the primary industry of Arusha region. With favorable climate and fertile volcanic soil, the region is ideal place for farming. A great percentage of population is employed in farming or in related industries. Arusha’ farmers are engaged heavily in producing coffee, maize, beans, bananas and vegetables. There are also large flower producers sending high-quality produce to Europe almost everyday. Besides farming, Maasai who are pastoralists and indigenous people of Arusha produces thousands of tons of meat yearly.


Arusha has become a centre for cutting and polishing gemstones, especially Tanzanite. As well as a trading hub for this rear brilliant Tanzanite. The sector provides employment opportunities to thousands directly and indirectly. It has been able offer job opportunities to small scale miners who are working in Mererani mining and other mining sites both in Arusha and Simanjiro regions.


Arusha has earned its reputation as Safari Capital of East Africa with bustling vibrant streets where tourists rub shoulders with locals who some strolling down the streets wearing Maasai attire. With its temperate climate and its proximity to world’s famous national parks, Arusha is a natural stopover for foreign visitors. It has become major destination in East Africa for tourists from all over the world. As result of that the city is playing host to several tour companies, lodges and hotels.

Arusha is also a major center for commerce, service, finance and several major government offices, and other non-governmental organizations in the northern Tanzania are based here.

Natural Attractions:

Arusha is gateway to Tanzania’s northern wild and wonderful natural attractions. It is a place where you can begin to explore the pre-historic past as well as present. It is known by many as Tanzania’s “Tourist Mecca” because it is a starting point for the northern circuit safaris.

Arusha National Park:

Area 137 sq. km

Arusha National Park is the closest national park to city centre; it is an easy 40-minute drive from central Arusha. This park is offering the opportunity to explore a beguiling diversity of habitats within a few hours. It is the only place on the northern safari circuit where the acrobatic black-and-white Colobus monkey is easily seen. Ngurdoto Crater and tranquil beauty of Momela Lakes and rocky alpine heights of Mount Meru offers amazing geographical characteristics. Herds of buffalo, zebras and warthogs as well as giraffes and elephants are to be found in this park. In addition more than 400 species of bird, both migrant and resident are wandering in the sky of this park, while leopards lurk next to waterfalls in shadowy forest to wait for thirsty zebras and antelopes.

Mount Kilimanjaro & Kilimanjaro National Park

Rising 19,340 ft (5895m) above the African plain, Kilimanjaro is one of the highest walkable summits on the planet, a beacon for visitors from around the world. Just three degrees south of the equator, this tallest mountain in Africa is covered all year round with snow and ice.

Under footsteps of Mt. Kilimanjaro is where you will find Kilimanjaro National Park. A place where is covered by lush montane forest, inhabited by elusive elephant leopard, buffalo, the endangered abbot’s duiker, and antelopes and primates.

Tarangire National Park:

Area 2600 sq. km

Tarangire is located 118 km (75 miles) southwest of Arusha. During dry season is very spectacular in Tarangire National Park. It is at this time of the year when thirty elephant and antelopes marching hundred of kilometers to Tarangire River- permanent water source that flows across the length of the park. Herds of up to 300 elephant excavate in the damp earth of the Tarangire riverbed searching for underground springs. At the same time wildebeest, zebra, buffalo and gazelle mass together with rarer species such as oryx and eland in shrinking lagoons.

Manyara National Park:

Area 330 sq. km.

Stretching for 50 km along the base of rusty-gold 600-metre high Rift Valley escarpment, Lake Manyara is scenic gem, with a setting described by Ernest Hemingway, as “the loviest I had seen in Africa”. This beautiful park is famous for its tree-climbing lions. Large buffalo, wildebeest, baboons, blue monkeys, elephants and zebra herds are spotted everywhere in this park. Apart from that Manyara provides the perfect introduction to Tanzania’s birdlife. It has greatest concentration of species of bird, more than 400 species have been recorded, and you can observe up to 100 of them in a single day. It has thousand of pink-hued flamingos on their perpetual migration; also it includes large waterbirds such as pelicans, cormorants and storks.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area:

Area: 8,292 sq. km., of which the crater covers an area of 260 sq. km. Ngorongoro Conservation Area boasts a blend of landscapes, wildlife, people, and archeology that is unsurpassed in Africa. The volcanoes, grasslands, waterfalls and mountain forests are home to an abundance of wild animals and to the Maasai people. It has concentration of more than 25,000 animals, this Garden of Eden’ is like ongoing concert. Ngorongoro is purely one of world’s greatest natural spectacles; its magical setting and abundant wildlife never fail to fascinate visitors. And Olduvai Gorge, famous for its archeological discoveries, is worth a visit.

Olduvai Gorge is an archeological site within Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Situated on series of fault lines, centuries of erosion have exposed fossils and remnants of early mankind. Early in last century, a German professor found some fossil bones while looking for butterflies in Olduvai. Few decades later in later expedition, Dr. Leakey collected fragments and then skull and bones that approximately 2 million years old. Tools and hunting weapons from 1.5 million years ago were also discovered in this area as well as footprints of a man, woman and child at Laetoli, near Olduvai. These discoveries provide more evidence to the theory that early man is originated from Tanzania.

Serengeti National Park:

Area: 14, 763 sq. km.

Mighty Serengeti is one of the best wildlife sanctuaries in the world. This Tanzania’s oldest and popular national park is famed for its annual migration, when some six million hooves pound its endless plains, as more than 200,000 zebra and 300,000 Thomson’s gazelle join the wildebeest’s trek for fresh grazing. This park has been declared a “World Heritage Site”. Serengeti offers sensational game viewing in Africa: great herds of buffalo, smaller groups of elephant and giraffe, and thousands and thousands of eland, topi, kongoni, impala and Grant’s gazelle. Overall, Serengeti it has about 35 species of plains animals including ‘big five’ and have 500-plus bird species ranging from the outsized ostrich and bizarre secretary bird of the open grassland, to the black eagles that soar effortlessly above the Lobo Hills.

Other Attractions

Lake Duluti:

This is small Crater Lake eastside of Arusha in a place called Tengeru. It is about 10 kilometers from the city centre. Occasionally wonderful views of Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru can be seen from the lake. Natural forest around Lake Duluti is a sanctuary for over 130 different bird species including barbets, osprey, buzzards, eagles, doves, storks, and kingfishers. There are also reptiles such as lizards and snakes. Bird watching, fishing, canoeing or guided nature walks are activities can be carried out in and around the lake Duluti.

Monduli Mountains:

Located few kilometers westside from central Arusha you will find Monduli Mountains. Monduli Mountains provides clear views of the Great Rift Valley, Mount Meru, Mount Kilimanjaro and views of other surrounding mountains. Under the slopes of these mountains Maasai pastoralists herd their cattle as they did it for thousands of years. Hiking and tourism programs give visitors opportunity to learn about local Maasai Culture and traditional medicines.

Meserani Snake Park:

Located 15 kilometers Westside of the city, Meserani Snake Park is home to variety of snakes common in Eastern and Southern Africa. Among the snake in the park are black mamba, red and black spitting cobras, African python and many more. Other reptiles in the park are monitor lizards, crocodiles and tortoises. The park also has Maasai Museum which displays Maasai artifacts as well give a picture of Maasai way of life.

Songota and Navuru Waterfalls:

Twenty-minute drive from Kundayo Serviced Apartments is where you will find Songota and Navuru Waterfalls. Songota waterfall is found in Oldadai Village and Navuru Waterfall is inside the Olgilai Forest Reserve.

Arusha Transport System:

Kilimanjaro International Airport:

Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA) which is the gateway to the wild and unspoiled treasures Africa is located 40 km East/Southeast of Arusha. It has view of both Mount Kilimanjaro, and Mount Meru. Few kilometers from this airport is where the precious and exotic Tanzanite is found in Mererani Hills.

Arusha Airport:

This airport is small and serving only domestic flights. Over 87,000 passengers are served by this airport each year, surprisingly for its size. It is encircled by a beautiful set of hills and savanna land.


Everyday there are regular buses commute between Arusha and Dar es Salaam, and to other parts of the country. Shuttle buses are also available, go back and forth between Arusha and Moshi and Arusha and Nairobi. Riverside Shuttle and Impala Shuttle operate daily between Arusha and Nairobi.


There are several airline companies that landing their planes in either Kilimanjaro International Airport or Arusha Airport. Here is the list of airliners that provides international flights to/from different international destinations: Royal Dutch-KLM, Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways, Air Tanzania, Air Rwanda, and Precision Air. Domestic flights are provided by the following airliners: Safari Express, Precision Air, Coastal Aviation, Regional Air, Tanzanian Air, Air Tanzania, and Northern Air.




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